What is the Industrial Revolution? What are the advantages and disadvantages?

What is the Industrial Revolution? What are the advantages and disadvantages?

The Industrial Revolution emerged in England in the 18th century. And then spread to many countries of the world. This change of economic order has changed not only the taste of cultures, how things are done and how goods are produced, but also how people relate to each other and to the world in general. This change in society is still continuing today. The industrial revolution has had a dramatic impact on the political, political, ecological and cultural scene in the world.

With the great advantages that the Industrial Revolution brings, it is an inevitable fact which brings disadvantages. Briefly mentioned: Easy to obtain, fast and piece-wise product increase, the machines in the factory started to produce faster and cheaper products without labor force. As the supply of various items increased, the cost of the consumer also decreased. Costumes, household goods, appliances and other products that have increased the quality of life of people have become more common and more expensive. Foreign markets were also created for these goods and trade balance changed for the producer. The companies that produced these goods gained financial power and increased in taxes. However, it also led to economic inequality between countries that produce and consume merchandise.

Rapid development of innovations that reduce labor
The rapid production of hand tools and other useful products has led to the development of new tools and equipment to carry items from one place to another. The growth of road and rail transport meant that the telegraphic invention could communicate developments in manufacturing, agricultural harvesting, energy production and medical techniques. Hand-held machines, for example yarn and fabric-making machines and other inventions. Electric powered machines (such as household goods and refrigerators) and fossil fuels (automobiles) are also well known products of the Industrial Revolution.

Rapid Medical Evolution
The Industrial Revolution was the driving force behind various complicated developments. Industrialization has made it possible to produce medical tools (lancets, microscope lenses, test tubes and other equipment) faster. By using machine manufacturing, the improvements made to these tools have been delivered more efficiently to the need for them. As communication between doctors in different fields develops, the details of new treatments and treatments for the disease are being explored rapidly and better treatment and care can be achieved.

Welfare Level and Quality of Life
Mass production has reduced the costs of tools, clothes and other household goods that are essential for widespread (ie, non-indigenous) people who allow them to make money and create personal wealth for other people. In addition, new employment opportunities emerged when new manufacturing machines were invented and new factories built. Now the period of making money by being dependent on the land and farming is over. Industrialization has reduced the importance of land wealth as a major source of personal wealth. The increase in demand for commodities means that average people could earn wealth in cities as employees of businesses that support factories that work better in factories than workers and farms. In general, people are discovered to make money and immigration began in the cities. The factories have increased their employment day by day. The growth of the middle class in England and other industrialized societies has reduced the economic power of the aristocracy. More purchasing power and prosperity in society has led to updated law changes that better meet the demands of an industrialized society.

Occupational Specialization
As the industrialization progressed, people in the countryside flocked to the cities in search of better wages in factories. Factory workers were trained to perform specific tasks in order to increase the overall efficiency of the plants and to take advantage of new opportunities on the market. Factory owners divided their employees into different positions. Each position is focused on a specific relative. Some groups used raw materials (ie iron, coal and steel) used for serial production of goods, while other groups used different machines. Some workers’ groups were also responsible for the maintenance and repair of the machines only. So they were professed by learning the job in that area and department.

As factories grew and workers became more specialized, additional trainers needed to gain specialized skills. In addition, the needs of factory workers, such as housing and transportation, caused the rapid expansion of towns and towns. State bureaucracies supported them. New specialized departments have been set up to handle traffic, sanitation, taxation and other services. Other businesses in the towns also need more to meet the diverse needs of new residents.

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